Dry Eyes

Dry eyes occur when tears aren’t able to provide sufficient lubrication for your eyes. Dry eye syndrome may occur at any age, gender and even in people who are considered healthy. It is more common with older people with malnutrition that results in vitamin A deficiency.

Symptoms of dry eyes which normally affect both eyes includes:

  • Stinging, burning or scratchy sensation in your eyes
  • Mucus in or around your eyes
  • Fatigued eyes or blurred vision
  • Dryness sensation
  • Difficulty in wearing contact lenses
  • Watery eyes which the body’s communication from the irritation of dry eyes
  • Heavy and sore eyes
  • Eye irritation which happens when you feel like there is something in your eye

Dry eyes treatment is aimed at making you more comfortable. These treatments may include lifestyle changes, eye drops and surgery for more severe cases.

What does surgery involve?

Dr Davey may run tests for him to reveal the number of tears behind the eyelid so that he may plan proper treatment according to your condition. He may either of the following surgical treatments:

  • Close the tear ducts to reduce tear loss. During the surgery, Dr Davey may partially or completely block your tear ducts which are responsible for draining away the tears. He may use silicone plugs to block the tear ducts, which result in keeping both the natural and artificial tears for longer.
  • Use special contact lenses. Dr Davey may recommend that you get special contact lenses called a scleral lens, which he will place them on the sclera to help prevent your eyes from drying out. These contact lenses create a fluid-filled layer over the cornea.
  • Salivary gland transplantation. During this procedure, Dr Davey removes some salivary glands from the lower lip and then he will graft them onto the side of the eyes, so that the salivary glands may assist in producing saliva which can be substituted for tears.
  • Punctual cautery. During this procedure, Dr Davey will use a heated wire to burn the tear ducts opening so that it scars closed and is performed because the punctual plugs aren’t working and they are falling out.

When should I see an ophthalmologist?

People that have a family history of eye disease, a history of eye injuries, diabetes or those
over the age of 65 should see their ophthalmologist regularly. In addition, the following
symptoms should be checked out by an eye specialist:

  • Changes in vision
  • Flashes of light
  • Floaters or specks in your vision
  • Lines that appear distorted
  • Darks spots in your vision
  • Decreased or blurry vision (even if temporary)
  • Double vision
  • Dry and itchy eyes

  • Eye pain
  • Eye or surroundings of the eye is red
  • Eye discharge or tearing
  • Bulging of one or both eyes